The University of Utah
College of Architecture + Planning
BIM and Integrated Practice
The construction industry is fraught with litigation, inefficiency and waste. The design and construction of buildings are separate acts delineated contractually, legally identified and observed. The divide between design and production has arguably resulted in increased schedule delays, cost, and a diminished quality and sustainability of buildings because the act of conception (architecture), optimization (engineering), and production (construction) are not integrated. Statistically, Paul Teicholz from Stanford CIFE reports that from 1964-2004 the construction industry showed a decrease in productivity of 10% while all other non-farm related industries rose by 40-60%. (image right).

Shift Happens. Necessarily, the 21st century architect is being introduced to a paradigm shift in the way buildings are designed, built and maintained that differs from early Renaissance master builders and the more recent 20th century singular architect hero (i.e. Howard Roark) Emergent digital technologies, such as BIM, and delivery techniques, such as IPD, are suggesting a much more integrated collaborative delivery that builds upon the individual expertise of key players in a building project. By integrating the process of building design, delivery and management, the AEC industry has the opportunity to redefine the relationships between conception and production with the architect as a key collaborator or facilitator of a building process that oscillates between stakeholders.

ITAC performs research to identify the barriers to integrated practice and find solutions to overcoming these barriers. Research has included commercially available BIM software comparisons, BIM market utilization, developing integrated design workflow, consulting, and service on local and national BIM/IPD committees. ITAC researchers write on the integrated paradigm nudging the profession of architecture and construction industry in general toward leaner, more integrated teams for project delivery. These activities include:

Paper – Lean and Integrated Project Delivery
Paper – Integrating Technology: a paradigm shift
Paper – BIM in the Utah AECO White Paper
Paper – Socio-Technical Practices
Book – Prefab Architecture (Ch.3 on IPD and BIM)
Chapter – Download My Building
Chapter – Integrated Design for High Performance
Blog Post – Production Thinking in Architecture
Blog Post – Prefab, BIM and IPD
Blog Post – From Service to Product Theory
Survey – BIM in the Utah AECO Survey
Podcast – Interview on Integrated Practice
Service – AIA Center for Integrated Practice
Workshop – BIM in the Utah AECO
Workshop – Integration Utah AECO
Workshop – Digital Process
Workshop – Integration Utah AECO v3.0
Blog Post – Integrated Practice and Education